About Agenda 2030 [ID: 237]

Strategic Initiative Agenda 2030

The Platform analysis of SDG 2 on food security and SDG 8 on economic growth and the following debate exemplified the need to define new pathways towards rural transformation considering job creation, trade with value chain development and inclusive agribusiness and new opportunities deriving from rapid urbanisation.

The Platform’s Strategic Initiative Agenda 2030 addressed the new dimensions of development cooperation. However, not every development issue can be a policy priority and the ARD community needs to understand which low hanging fruits are ready to be picked to build a more comprehensive approach to sustainable development of the rural space. In parallel to the changes in the international development agenda, a number of donor agencies have already changed their focus and policy priorities leading towards more in - vestments into trade and inclusive agribusiness as well as adaptation to climate change. Agriculture and rural development (ARD) find new support and the Platform has addressed these changes through internal debate, side events at the WTO 5th Global Review of Aid for Trade, the Committee for World Food Security (CFS) and the development of new work streams. In this regard Asia has been very prominent on the Plat form’s agenda. The interest to profit from the knowledge-sharing and networking in the Platform has been demonstrated by the Inclusive Agribusiness Roundtable in Southeast Asia and by the interview with KOICA’s president Mr Kim Youngmok on the development of South Korea from a recipient to major ODA contributor, both serving as the starting point to inclusive agribusiness work stream. At the same time, existing work streams have been actively enhanced like the very active Global Working Group on Land governance addressing the implementation of the Voluntary Guidelines on the Responsible Governance of Tenure of Land, Forests and Fisheries (VGGT) and the G7 Land Partnerships. Changing the policy focus also means to tap into new sources of finance for ARD. The Finance for Development agenda talks about ‘blended finance’ from old and new sources. New institutions, new decision-makers and new administrative procedures confront the rather traditional ARD support community with the need to build additional capacity in cooperation, governance and the design of encompassing programmes which are convincing to the new partners. The year in review shows that we are heading for interesting times and the Platform membership has to strive very pro-actively to keep food security and rural transformation at the top of the policy priorities of development. The competition over scarce resources has shown to be very tough.

Background

The Platform was established in 2003, following a considerable decrease in ODA expenditure for agriculture and rural development in the 90’s. The Paris Declaration on Aid Effectiveness of 2005 was the central agreement for the Platform to advocate for increased public spending by developing countries, donor and private sector investments in agriculture and rural development (ARD) under the leadership of developing countries, both governments and civil society. The Accra Action Agenda followed and in Busan, the agreement was reached that a global partnership for effective development cooperation was to be established, which held its first high-level meeting in 2014.

Encouraging initiatives like the Comprehensive Africa Agriculture Development Programme (CAADP) by NEPAD were launched, and the Maputo Declaration of Heads of African States confirmed that African governments would spend at least 10% of the public budget in ARD which was reaffirmed by the recent Malabo Declaration in 2014, however, with limited success up to now. The donor communities fully supported such initiatives, but the year 2015 showed that a new downward trend in ARD finance is noticeable. At the same time, private sector investments are increasing, but not at the scale needed.

In parallel, the new architecture of development cooperation following the SDGs and FfD calls for a debate on the role of ODA and donor agencies. For ARD, this is particularly important as the international community is turning towards development effectiveness rather than aid effectiveness, because donor engagement is increasingly part of the overall development engagement rather than a ‘separate’ undertaking. OECD has agreed on a ‘modernisation of ODA’ in late 2014 against the background of the rapidly increasing number of lower middle income and middle income countries which are no longer eligible to receive concessional ODA.

Contacts Agenda 2030 [ID: 241]

Contact | Secretariat

Dr. Christian Mersmann

Senior Policy Advisor

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Contact | Member

Mauro Ghirotti

Italian Development Agency for International Cooperation

Contact | Member

Annelene Bremer

Federal Ministry for Economic Cooperation and Development

Contact | Secretariat

Martina Karaparusheva

Junior Policy Advisor

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