The diversity of political responses to rural development show a growing interest in rural areas, but the results are still too small. Strategies to address food insecurity and poverty in rural areas remain are complex. At the same time, focusing policy approaches on one issue limits the needed long-term sectoral and territorial inclusiveness of food security strategies. The publication jointly developed by OECD, FAO and UNCDF aims at uniting different approaches by focusing them on the territory and generating knowledge and recommendations on one holistic territorial approach to food security and nutrition. The report sheds light on the importance addressing the issue of complexity and inclusiveness of rural development. There are global challenges that are common and affect rural spaces all over the world, such as climate change, poverty, but rural areas are also exposed to unique country specific factors that need to be taken into account as well, political and economic stability, institutional framework, access to resources. The solution to the specific issues of food security and nutrition, in many of the developing countries, depends on the rural population and smallholder farmers. But although globally, the world produces and trades enough food, economic growth and food security policies do not reach the most vulnerable rural people.
Territorial approach to food security provides guidance on how to set up multilevel governance of an inclusive strategy that includes agricultural policy, but also involves other policies at implementation level. Overall territories matter for food security, but investments often do not target specifically the structural transformation of vulnerable territories. The provided approach shows that looking at territories, while focusing on food security provides a roadmap to addressing the complex set of issues.